Immigration to Canada – Express Entry
In order to eliminate long processing times and to improve the efficiency of immigration to Canada, in 2015 the federal government launched the Express Entry selection system. Since then, the application process is available online and 80% of all applications are processed in only six months or less.
The first draw in Express Entry was held on January 31, 2015. Prior to this draw, all applications for permanent residence were submitted in paper and processed on a first-come, first-served basis.
This approach allowed all applicants to be sure that their applications will be checked and reviewed. This led to multiple applications of candidates who didn’t meet all eligibility criteria still were in the queue while eligible candidates had to wait.
Express Entry became a game-changer as it became a merit-based selection system that filters ineligible candidates and selects only those who score the highest points in the system. The Comprehensive Ranking System (CRS) grants points to all registrants based on such factors as age, education, work experience, language knowledge, spousal factors, and some other criteria. The higher is your CRS points, the bigger are your chances to successfully settle in Canada and find a job.
Express Entry serves three federal immigration programs:
- Federal Skilled Worker (FSW)
- Canadian Experience Class (CEC)
- Federal Skilled Trades (FST)
Additionally, there are over a dozen streams of the Provincial Nominee Program linked to Express Entry. Candidates in those streams get their invitation via Express Entry and once nominated by the province submit their applications for PR in Express Entry.
In 2018, 53% of invitations were issued in the Federal Skilled Workers Program; 34% of invitation were sent under the Canadian Experience Class; 12% of invitations were for the Provincial Nominee Program candidates and about 1% for candidates in the Federal Skilled Trades Program.
Since the start of Express Entry, Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship Canada (IRCC) invited 325,988 foreign nationals in 133 invitation rounds to apply for permanent residence status in Canada. The lowest score in the Express Entry history was 413 points, on May 31, 2017.
Over the last three years, candidates were required to score higher points to get an Invitation to Apply.
- The average number of CRS points to get an ITA in 2019 was 459.6. The highest score in 2019 was 475, while the lowest only 438.
- The average number of CRS points to get an ITA in 2018 was 461.8. The highest score in 2018 was 456, while the lowest only 439.
- The average number of CRS points to get an ITA in 2017 was 438.3. The highest score in 2017 was 468, while the lowest only 413.
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